Most of the occupational diseases are compensable. However, very few cases are being compensated because of lack of awareness amongst the workers and diagnostic errors. The NIOH took the lead in helping workers to get compensation for various occupational diseases. The scientists personally appeared as an expert witness in various Courts. The compensation cases brought awareness amongst the workers and forced the management to take appropriate measures. Following are few examples:
Hon’ble Supreme Court in its judgement of January, 1995 has identified NIOH as the final authority for diagnosis of asbestosis for compensation purpose. Large number of asbestos cement workers have been compensated due to efforts of NIOH scientists.
Cases of silicosis diagnosed during the surveys in quartz grinding industry, glass industry, agate industry, pottery industry, sand grinding industry etc were notified to the Chief Inspector of factories.
Due to the untiring efforts of NIOH scientists, a large number of cotton textile mill workers suffering from byssinosis could successfully get their compensation claims.