Air Pollution

Objective

  • To evaluate the exposure of various air pollutants at work places for high risk population groups and general population through ambient and indoor air monitoring.

  • To assess the health impairments due to exposure to air pollutants for the high risk population through exposure assessment and biological monitoring.

  • To look for safety measure for various air pollutant exposure and associated risks. To create awareness among the exposed groups/general population about the associated risks due to air pollutants exposure.


Name Designation Email
Dr. Rekha Kashyap Scientist-F kashyap[dot]r[at]gov[dot]in
Mr. M. M. Mansuri Technical Officer mansuri[dot]mm[at]gov[dot]in
Dr. Rajnish Gupta Technical Assistant rajnish[dot]gup[at]icmr[dot]gov[dot]in
Mrs. Rupal Thasale Technical Assistant thasle[dot]r[at]icmr[dot]gov[dot]in

Mr. K. M. Vyas

Technican-B mvyas[dot]kb[at]icmr[dot]gov[dot]in
Mr. P. M. Khandvi Laboratory Attendant khandvi[dot]pm[at]]gov[dot]in

Functions of the Department

  • The main function of the department is to evaluate the effect of air pollutants on high risk as well as general population. To achieve this department involves in monitoring of various air pollutants like Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), aldehydes, esters and ketones. Inorganic gaseous pollutants (Oxides of Nitrogen, sulphur dioxide, ammonia, and ozone etc.) and Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM/PM10, PM2.5) using air monitoring sampler and analysis using modern analytical instruments like Gas Chromatography (GC)/ Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MSMS)/High performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and Ultraviolet (UV) Spectrophotometer.

  • Organize and participate in various teaching/ training programmes related to occupational and environmental health for students, academicians and industrials medical officer.

  • Awareness about the air pollutants exposure and its associated risks factors among factory workers, local residents and students/ academicians.


On Going Project

  • Urban air quality assessment using remote sensing and GIS - Ahmedabad district

  • IRespiratory Morbidities in School Children of Critically Polluted Industrial Area of Gujarat (Intramural)


Laboratory Facilities & Instruments

  • High Performance Liquid Chromatography (Shimadzu-LC2010C)

  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (Shimadzu-TQ8040-TD20)

  • UV Spectrophotometer (Shimadzu UVmini-1240)

  • Respirable Dust Sampler-High Volume Air Sampler

  • Personal air sampler pump-High flow,1-5 Litres per min

  • Personal air sampler pump-Low flow, 20-300 ml/min

  • Accelerated Solvent Extraction system (Dionex-ASE200)

  • Laboratory centrifuge (REMI)

  • Analytical Balance (Shimadzu and Metler)


Future Programmes

  • National Environmental Health Profile funded by Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Govt of India.


Project Completed

  • Air quality study using airborne hyper spectral remote sensing and ground data.

  • Effect of indoor air pollution on women and children in India. (ICMR-INDO-US project)

  • Indoor air pollution from biomass combustion & health hazards among people residing in slum areas of Ahmedabad. (Intramural)

  • Health Study of population in and around coalfield by Northern Coalfield Ltd.(NCL)

  • Health Hazards among Sewage treatment plant workers. (Intramural)

  • Effect of Hazardous waste disposal at secured land fill facility. Vinzol on surrounding Human habitation. (Govt. of Gujarat)

  • Cardiovascular and neurological health effects in viscose rayon workers exposed to carbondisulphide. (Govt. of Gujarat)

  • Assessment of Exposure to Toluenediisocyanate (TDI) among polyurethane foam industry workers. (MoEF)

  • Respiratory effects of chronic low level phosgene exposure (GGP)

  • Indoor air pollution in hairdressing salons. (Intramural)

  • National Environmental Health Profile and Comparative Risk Assessment (MoEF & WHO)

  • Alteration of Petroleum Fuels With Different Composition With Additives and Without Additives at Source Level (Intramural)

  • Chemical analysis of respirable particulates matter in ambient air of Vadodara city (Intramural)

  • Chemical analysis of RPM samples of Ahmedabad and Vadodara (Intramural)

  • Health risk assessment of rural and urban population due to indoor/ambient air pollution.

  • Study of air pollution due to vehicular traffic in the major cities/towns of Gujarat State. (Gujarat High Court Project)


Publications and Research Reports

  1. Rajnish Gupta. Active phytoconstituents for diabetes manaement: A review. 2018. Ahead of Print. Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine

  2. Kashyap R. Dainik Jivan me Vayu Pradushan ke prabhav, ICMR Patrika, 27 (6), 2013
  3. Rekha Kashyap, Asim Saha, N.M. Desai, P.G. Shah, G.M. Patel, J.A. Shah, K.R. Dabhi and M.M. Mansuri Environmental Monitoring at Selected Petrol Pumps of Ahmedabad with respect to Benzene, Toluene and Xylene (BTX). Proceedings of International Conference on Energy and Environment march 19-21, 2009 issn: 2070-3740

  4. Rekha Kashyap, Vijay Bhatnagar, Harsiddha G. Sadhu, Bhavana Arora, Nisha Jhamb, Rupal Karanjkar. Residues of dioxin in egg samples collected from west zone of India Bulletin of Environmental contamination and Toxicology 2008 May;80(5):428-30.

  5. Beyerbach. A, Rothman. N, V.K. Bhatnagar, Kashyap. R, Sabbioni. G. Hemoglobin adducts in workers exposed to benzidine and azo dyes. Carcinogenesis 27(8): 2006, 1600 – 1606.

  6. V.K. Bhatnagar, R Kashyap & H.N. Saiyed. Descending trends of residues of organochlorine pesticides in human blood in Ahmedabad, India. Asian Journal of Chemistry 2006

  7. V K Bhatnagar, R Kashyap, S SA Zaidi, P K Kulkarni, H N Saiyed. Levels of DDT, HCH and HCB residues in human blood in Ahmedabad, India. Bulletin Environmental Contamination Toxicology 72: 2004, 261-265

  8. A. Dewan, V.K. Bhatnagar, M.L Mathur, T Chakma, Rekha Kashyap, H.G Sadhu, S.N Sinha, H.N. Saiyed. Repeated episodes of endosulfan poisoning. Journal of Toxicology – Clinical Toxicology 42(4), 2004, 363 – 369

  9. Rekha Kashyap, V.K. Bhatnagar, H.G. Sadhu, Nisha Jhamb, Rupal Karanjkar, H.N. Saiyed. Residues of PCDDs and PCDFs in human milk samples in Ahmedabad, India. Organohalogen Compounds 66, 2004, 2755 – 2760.

  10. V K Bhatnagar, S SA Zaidi, R Kashyap, A B Karnik and H N Saiyed. Pesticide residues in formulators and their relevance to certain biological indices. Toxicology International 10 (1): 2003, 47-50

  11. H.N. Saiyed, A. Dewan, V.K. Bhatnagar, U. Shenoy, R. Shenoy, H.R. Rajmohan, K. patel, R. Kashyap, P.K. Kulkarni and B.C. Lakkad Effects of endosulfan in male reproductive development. Environmental Health Perspectives 111(16): 2003, 1958-1962

  12. V.K. Bhatnagar, A.B. Karnik, A.M. Suthar, S.S.A. Zaidi, R Kashyap, M.P. Shah, P.K. Kulkarni and H.N. Saiyed Biological indices in formulators exposed to combination of pesticides. Bulletin Environmental Contamination Toxicology 68(1): 2002, 22-28.

  13. Rekha Kashyap, V.K. Bhatnagar and H.N. Saiyed IPM and residue level of DDT and HCH in water samples of rural area of Gujarat State, India. Arch Environ Hlth 57(4): 2002, 337-339

  14. S.K.Gosh, T.S.Patel, P.B.Doctor, S.H.Shah, N.M.Desai and A.Y.Derasari. A study on Indoor Air Pollutants: Toxicity Screening of Suspended Particulate Matter. Bulletin of Env.Cont. & Toxicology.Vol.67, (no-1) 149-154, July 2001.

  15. H.N. Saiyed, V.K. Bhatnagar, Rekha Kashyap, Impact of pesticide use in India, Asian Pacific News letter on Occupational Health 6(3): 1999, 66-67.

  16. P.B. Doctor, C.V. Raiyani, YogendraVerma, N.M. Desai, P.K. Kulkarni, S.G. Ruparelia and S.K. Ghosh. Physico-chemical and Microbial Analysis of Dye-Contaminated River Water. Indian J. Environ Hlth. Vol. 40, No.1, 7-14 (1998)

  17. Rekha Kashyap, AnupamKulshrestha, Lal, K. B. and Ashok Kumar. Role of different cations and anions on the polarographic behaviour of Uo2 (ii). Bull. Electrochem, 4(4): 409-412, 1998.

  18. N Rothman, G Talaska, R Hayes, VK Bhatnagar, D Bell, V Lakshmi, SK Kashyap, M Dosemeci, Rekha Kashyap, et al. Acid urine pH is associated with elevated levels of free urinary benzidine and N-acetylbenzidine and urothelial DNA adducts in exposed workers. Cancer Epid. Biomarkers Prevention 1997; 1039-1042.

  19. D DeMarini, M Brooks, VK Bhatnagar, R Hayes, B Eischen, M Shelton, T Zenser, G Talaska, SK Kashyap, M Dosemeci, Rekha Kashyap et al. Urine mutagenicity as a biomarker in workers exposed to benzidine : correlation with urinary metabolites & urothelial DNA adducts. Carcinogenesis 18(5): 1997, 981-988.

  20. Q Zhou, G Talaska, M Jaeger, VK Bhatnagar, R Hayes T Zenser, SK Kashyap, V Lakshmi, Rekha Kashyap, et al. Benzidine DNA adducts in human peripheral white blood cells significantly correlate with levels in exfoliated urothelial cells. Mutation Research 393; 1997,199 -205.

  21. V.N. Gokani, P.B. Doctor, C.V. Raiyani, P.K. Kulkarni, N.M. Desai and S.K. Kashyap. Mutagenic response of smoke particulates of bio-mass energy fuels. Indian J. Occup. Environ. Med 1 (1997) 68.

  22. N Rothman, VK Bhatnagar, R Hayes, T Zenser, SK Kashyap, M Butler, D Bell, V Lakhsmi, M Jaeger, R Kashyap, et al The impact of inter-individual variation in NAT2 activity on benzidine urinary metabolites and DNA adducts in exposed workers Proc. Nat. Acad. Science (USA) 93; 1996: 5084-5089.

  23. F Hsu, V Lakshmi, N Rothman, VK Bhatnagar, R Hayes, R Kashyap et al Determination of benzidine, N-acetylbenzidine& N, N’- acetylbenzidine in human urine by capillary GC/NCI Mass spectrometry. Analytical Biochemistry234; 1996: 183-189.

  24. N Rothman, R Hayes, T Zenser, D DeMarini, W Bi, A Hirvonen, G alaska, VK Bhatnagar, N Caporaso, L Brooks, V Lakshmi, P Feng, SK Kashyap, X You, B Eischen, Rekha Kashyap et al. The glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) Null genotype and benzidine associated bladder cancer, urine mutagenicity and exfoliated urothelial DNA adducts. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarker Prevention 5; 1996: 979-983.

  25. V. Raiyani, P.B. Doctor, YogendraVerma, N.M. Desai, P.K. Kulkarni, S.G. Ruparelia and S.K. Ghosh. Magnitude of Pollution of Dye-contaminated River Water - Its Physico-chemical and Microbial Analysis. Indian J. Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 4, 252-255, April 1994.

  26. Rekha Kashyap, LR Iyer, MM Singh, SK Kashyap. Assessment of location specific human exposure to DDT and BHC in Gujarat State, India. Arch. Occup. Environ. Hlth., 65(6); 1994: 381-384.

  27. Rekha Kashyap, LR Iyer, MM Singh. Evaluation of daily dietary intake of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroetahne (DDT) and benzene hexachloride (BHC) in IndiaArch. Environ. Hlth., 49(1) 1994: 63-66.

  28. Rekha Kashyap, LR Iyer, MM Singh, SK Kashyap Evaluation of human exposure to the persistent insecticides DDT and HCH in Ahmedabad, India.J. Anal. Toxicology 17; 1993: 211-214.

  29. C.V. Raiyani, J.P. Jani, N.M. Desai, J.A. Shah and S.K. Kashyap. Levels of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Ambient Environment of Ahmedabad City. Indian J. Environmental Protection, Vol. 13, No. 3, 206-215, March 1993.

  30. C.V. Raiyani, S.H. Shah, N.M. Desai, K.Venkaiah, J.S. Patel, D.J. Parikh and S.K. Kashyap. Characterization and Problems of Indoor Pollution due to Cooking Stove Smoke. Atmospheric Environment Vol. 27A. No. 11, pp 1643-1655. 1993.

  31. Raiyani C.V., Jani J.P., Desai .N.M., Shah P.G., Shah S.H., and Kashyap S.K. Assessment of Indoor Exposure to Polycyclic Hydrocarbons for the urban poor using various types of cooking fuels. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 50, 757-763, 1993.

  32. Rekha Kashyap, SK Kashyap, MM Singh Environmetal contamination due to persistent organochlorine insecticides. Environmental Biodegradation. 1992, 281-284.

  33. Rekha Kashyap, Iyer, L. R. and Singh, M.M. Application of derivative ultraviolet sprectrophotometry – A study of phenothiazines. Ind. J. Foren. Sci., 5:73-81, 1991.

  34. J.P. Jani, C.V. Raiyani, J.S. Mistry, J.S. Patel, N.M. Desai, and S.K. Kashyap. Residues of Organochlorine Pesticides and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Drinking Water of Ahmedabad City, India. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (1991) 47:381-385.

  35. Rekha Kashyap, Iyer, L. R. and Singh, M.M. Application of derivative ultraviolet spectroscopy: A study of antidepressants. Ind. J. Foren. Sci., 4: 203-216, 1990.

  36. R

    ekha Kashyap and Ashok Kumar Polarographic behaviour of Ni, Co and Ge in some acqo solvents. J. Electrochem. Soc. India, 38(1):81-83, 1989.

  37. Rekha Kashyap, AnupamKulshrestha, Lal, K.B and AshokKumar. Effect of different experimental conditions on polarographic behaviour of Ru (III). J. Electochem. Soc. India, 38(1):87-88, 1989.

  38. Rekha Kashyap and Ashok Kumar. Polarography of Ru (III). J. Electrochem. Soc. India, 38(1): 83-86, 1989.

  39. J.P. Jani, C.V. Raiyani, N.M. Desai, and S.K. Kashyap. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Kajal and Surma Eye Cosmetic Preparations Human Exptt. Toxicol. (1988), 7, 195-197.

  40. Rekha Kashyap, Lal, K.B, Hemant Kulshrestha and Ashok Jumar. Studies on the suppression of polarographic maxima of Ni (II) and Co (II) in their mixture by some cations vis-à-vis their influence on the kinetics of their electrode reaction. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. India, 57 (A), 1:84-87, 1987.

  41. B.B. Chatterjee, T.S. Patel and C.V. Raiyani. An Analysis of Characteristics of Urban Air Pollution over a four year period (1978-81), Indian J. Ecology vol:xxix (no4) 226-231, 1985.

  42. Rekha Kashyap, Hemant Kulshrestha and Ashok Kumar. Kinetics of reduction of mixture of Ni (II) and Co (II) at dme in the presence of anions. J. Electrochem. Soc. India, 33(4): 247-250, 1984.

  43. A.L. Aggarwal, C.V. Raiyani, P.D. Patel, P.G. Shah and S. K. Chatterjee. Assessment of Exposure to Benzo (a) pyrene in Air for various Pollution group in Ahmedabad, Atmospheric Environment vol:16 (no,4) 867-870 1982.

  44. N.L. Ramanathan and A.L. Aggarwal. Aromatic data processing for Air Quality Surveillance, Indian J. Environmental Protection, vol:1 (no2) 70-77, 1981.

  45. A.L. Aggarwal, V.G. Patel, T.S. Patel, C.V. Raiyani, D.C. Dave and S.K. Chatterjee. Limitation of Sulphation rate technique for establishing seasonal and spatial variation in Sulpher dioxide pollution, Indian Journal of Air Pollution Control vol : 2 (no1), 33-40, 1979.

  46. A.L. Aggarwal and N.L. Ramanathan. Air Quality Surveillance Technique, , Indian Journal of Air Pollution Control vol:1 (no2), 76-80, 1978.